Most pond owners know the importance of clean pond water. Not knowing how to get or keep clean pond water can be quite a challenge. But we can help! Follow the six tips below to help ensure clean pond water:
1. Maintain a healthy fish population
If you have more than 10” of fish for every 100 gallons of water, your pond is likely over-populated. Excessive fish waste can cause an imbalance in pond water. Consider finding some of them a new home.
2. Don’t over-feed your fish
When you feed fish more than they can eat, the uneaten food is left to decay in the pond. Be careful not to feed your fish more than once per day, and no more than they can eat in 2 to 3 minutes. Remove all excess, leftover food
3. Create a proper balance of plants
At season’s peak, you should have no more than 40% to 60% of the surface area of your pond either covered or shaded by plants. Too many plants can cause oxygen deficiencies at night due to the photosynthetic process, when the plants take in oxygen and give off carbon dioxide.
4. Choose the right size pump for your pond
You should be circulating the entire pond’s water volume a minimum of once every hour. Make sure your pump’s flow isn’t restricted by debris and be careful not to pump water higher than it was intended. Every pump has its flow limitations. Refer to the chart on the outside of the pump’s box to make sure you’re making the right choice for your pond.
5. Choose proper filtration for your pond
Your filter should match the size of your pond. Remember, most manufacturers rate their filters based on ideal circumstances, and if you exceed those, your filter becomes less effective. Always up-size your filter so that it can handle more than the capacity of your pond. Also remember to clean your filter according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
6. Keep your clean pond water cool during the dog days of summer
When clean pond water exceeds 75º Fahrenheit, it has a more difficult time retaining acceptable levels of dissolved oxygen. This is why it’s important to have your pond shaded by aquatic plants (see tip #3). Fish need oxygen to survive. If you see them at the pond’s surface gasping for air, add an aerator to help them during times of extreme heat.
Hot Pond problems are not good problems to have. Many people are attuned to the problems of snow and freezing temperatures when it comes to their ponds. There is another problem too, though—heat!
When it gets very hot, your water temperature rises as well. When the water gets above 80 degrees Fahrenheit, changes might occur. You might notice your plants looking a little worse for the wear, not to mention your fish. Fish may gasp for air close to the water’s surface or appear a little stressed out. Why is this happening and what can you do?
Hot Pond—Plant Problems
Just like fish (and humans!) pond plants can show the effects of extreme heat. Water lettuce and water hyacinth can turn yellow and burn. The pads of your prized hardy waterlily might also begin to turn a brownish color and start to decay. Since the leaves of a waterlily help shade the pond and keep it cooler, maintaining the plant’s health is a priority.
Hot Pond—Fish Concerns
Cooler water can hold much more oxygen than warm water. With warmer water, your fish become more active, leading to a Catch-22. Your fish require more oxygen due to their activity than when there is less oxygen available!
Fish aren’t the only pond inhabitants who increase their activity in warmer weather. Bacteria, viruses, and parasites also tend to increase which means diseases can spread quicker. Just like humans, stressed fish are more susceptible to diseases when they’re not feeling up to par.
How to beat the heat
Ponds with a depth of two feet or more have an advantage over shallower ponds, as the bottom of the pond will remain cooler and the fish can hang out at the lower depth.
Aquatic plants help cool a pond provided one-third to one-half of the pond’s surface area is covered. Waterlilies, mosaic plant, and water lettuce are all great options for shading the surface of your pond. Of course, natural overhead shade from trees, bushes, and even your house will help.
One of the most important parts of pond design is circulation. Your biological and mechanical filters should be placed across the pond from each other so that all areas of the pond are skimmed and the water circulated.
Keep in mind that your waterfall or stream plays a huge role in the oxygenation of pond water. Oxygen enters the water when there is air and water interacting. Streams and waterfalls create turbulence which increases oxygen levels.
You can use a pond thermometer to check the temperature of your pond water. If you find the water nearing 80 degrees, you can increase oxygen with a pond aerator. You can also perform a partial water change and add cooler water. Just remember to detoxify the pond after adding municipal water – for the safety of your fish.
Keep in mind, you don’t need to take your pond’s temperature every day – especially if you have an ecosystem pond with proper circulation and filtration. Simply watch for tell-tale signs like fish gasping for air at the surface of the water or near a waterfall. That’s typically the first sign that the pond is overheated and needs oxygen.
Summer is a great time to enjoy your pond – and you may have noticed it’s also the coolest spot in your yard! Keep your fish and plants healthy, and you’ll enjoy a low-maintenance pond throughout the season. Contact us for help on cooling your Hot Pond!
How to keep koi from eating your Philadelphia aquatic plants
Local pond owners love two things most of all: their Philadelphia aquatic plants and their beautiful koi. Yet koi and pond plants aren’t so happy to live in unison. Is it possible for there to be harmony in the same pond?
Your picked through waterlilies? Eaten away?
Your first issue? You may have too many fish. The key to the plant-eating koi dilemma is to make sure you have the correct koi-stocking density for your water garden. If there are too many koi, there will not be enough food and the hungry koi will then eat the plants. If there is enough food, there’s a better chance they will leave the plants alone.
In general, the rule for koi stocking is to have no more than one inch of fish per 10 gallons of water. You can have 150 inches of fish in 1,500 gallons of water, which is about five koi.
Remember, when buying small fish, they’re going to get bigger. Choose fish based on how large they’re going to grow. If you don’t provide koi with enough room, you risk plant health, water clarity, and the fish will suffer.
Understanding and Feeding Koi
Koi are quite the “Kurios Koi”
Koi like to look for things and tend to explore with their mouths. If you see the koi eating around the base of your Philadelphia aquatic plants, try installing large rocks around the base of the plant. Fish can’t move rocks as well!
If your koi are well fed, they won’t eat many Philadelphia aquatic plants. What will they eat beside your plants? How about koi food? Koi love food pellets.
Although they love dining on your favorite waterlily, they prefer koi food even more. Given the choice between a pelleted food and green vegetation, they’ll opt for the taste and high-energy of a pelleted food.
When choosing fish food , the pellet size should be close to the size of the fish’s pupil (the black part of the eye). Feed your fish once or twice a day, no more than they can eat in two minutes or less.
Excess food is caught in the skimmer and will decay, which isn’t ideal for the water quality of your pond. This is why it’s preferably to toss in a few food pellets at a time, as opposed to a large handful.
Aquatic plants and fish are made to go together. When they are combined, the result is a cleaner, healthier pond that’s easy to maintain. Pond plants remove toxins better than any chemicals and also offer coverage against predators and oxygenate the water during the day.
Your job? Don’t overstock the pond and feed your koi a quality fish food on a regular schedule. Your reward, a beautiful place for your Philadelphia aquatic plants and your koi. Living together. In harmony.
Here are five great items to add to your current pond for a Philadelphia Pond Upgrade, creating a new looking pond for you and your outdoor living space!
Who does not love flowers blooming on water? If you want an additional natural touch in your pond, consider planting water lilies. Yellow water lilies are a lovely choice, as they beautifully blend with other flowers, and will liven up your pond. You can choose from a number of different colors to suit your outdoor space.
Philadelphia Pond Upgrade—Koi Fish
Water features like ponds are great for adding marine life to your outdoor living space. If you want to add more natural beauty to your pond, get Koi fish. They will add a splash of beautiful color to your water feature, add movement and enhance its aesthetics. Plus, kids and adults will love feeding them!
Rocks are an important part of your Philadelphia Pond Upgrade. They not only naturalize and make your pond beautiful. Rocks enhance the ecosystem in your pond by providing 12x’s the surface area for beneficial organisms to compete with algae and keep your pond water clean and clear. There are many choices of rock types to choose from to place in and out of the water.
There are many aquatic plants that are suitable for ponds. You can add natural splendor to your pond by letting these plants grow in and around your pond. You can mix and match different plants to create an almost wild look, or line different ones neatly around the edge of your pond to create a uniform look. No matter what style of pond you have, you can be sure that there are aquatic plants that will complement it perfectly.
Philadelphia Pond Upgrade : Waterfall or Fountain
Do you think that waterfalls are only for large water features? You are wrong! You can add a waterfall or fountain in your pond. It will not only enhance the appearance, but also have a calming effect on mind – with its soothing sound, and by cutting out the external noise to a great extent.
These are just some of the ways to do an Philadelphia Pond Upgrade. Try a combination of the items above for a unique look to your ecosystem pond or water feature. AquaReale is specially trained in all the items listed above, and we would be happy to work with you to come up with the best personalized solution for your space. Contact us today for more information.
A Philadelphia water garden is a man-made water feature, typically a pool or pond, which is designed to complement the natural environment. Water gardens typically incorporate aquatic plants, ornamental fish, statuary, waterfalls, and other decorations. They can be found in residential backyards, courtyards, and parks, to compliment the landscaping, and as an enhancement in existing gardens.
There are several different types of Philadelphia water gardens, including container gardens, raised and sunken ponds, and bog gardens. A container water garden is typically small and easy to care for and can be placed on a patio or balcony with ease.
Raised and sunken ponds are built directly into the ground and require more maintenance than other types of water gardens. Bog gardens are the most natural of the three and are designed to attract wildlife. They are generally dug into the ground, lined with plastic, and filled with native plants and fish.
What are water gardens for?
Although a water garden’s primary focus is on plants, they can house fish as well.
How big is a water garden?
They can be almost any size or depth, they are typically small and relatively shallow, generally less than 24 inches deep. This is because most aquatic plants are depth sensitive and require a specific water depth in order to thrive.
Why a Philadelphia water garden?
A water garden is an aquaculture system – a diverse aquatic ecosystem, one of the most productive and efficient systems around. In an aquaculture system, aquatic plants have a constant supply of water that has nutrients dissolved in it, which they can easily take up. The waste from fish and other animals in the system provide additional nutrient to the plants, making for a very efficient and productive system.
What do I need in my water garden?
Plants are an important part of a Philadelphia water garden. They add life to the feature, and create a natural ecosystem, which promotes the health of the fish. A well-stocked water garden will include several different types of plants and fish. The plants may be submerged, marginal, or floating varieties. It is recommended that a combination of these plant types be used to keep the water garden in optimal health.
More questions? AquaReale is happy to help! Contact us at 215.880.6811 or email [email protected]
Do you have a Philadelphia Pond Problem? Leaks can be the most frustrating part of owning a pond. They are often misdiagnosed and misunderstood. Understanding how leaks work and how to detect them will save you time, money, and headaches.
What is Evaporation?
First, let’s have a look at what evaporation is and what it isn’t. Evaporation is caused by water turning into a vapor and escaping from your pond. The amount of water loss will vary according to the region of the country and the time of year.
Ponds that are located in areas of the country like Philadelphia, with moderate temperatures and high humidity can expect to see 1 to 1 ½ inches of water loss per week during the spring and summer.
Evaporation is not filling your pond up all the way one evening and waking up the next morning to find the water six inches lower. That’s a leak! If your pond is experiencing a loss of water at a more rapid rate, you either have a leak, or your frogs are drinking the water. Seriously, let’s figure that it’s a leak. What do you do then?
Philadelphia Pond Problem: Low Edges
Look for any low edges. Settling at the pond’s edge is the most common cause of a leak, especially in a new pond. Typically, the low edges are found around the stream and waterfall where settling may have occurred after a few rainfalls. These areas are usually built up during the construction of the pond using the soil from the excavation and are prone to some settling.
Carefully inspect the edges of not only your stream and waterfall, but also the perimeter of the pond. As the dirt around the stream or waterfall settles, it can create low spots that may cause water to escape over the edge of the liner. Keep your eyes peeled for wet mulch or gravel, or muddy areas around the perimeter of your pond. If you find a spot that’s leaking, all you have to do is lift the liner up and push some soil under it in order to raise the edge. Bingo – leak fixed!
Low edges can be built back up by simply backfilling and compacting soil beneath the liner in order to raise the edge of the liner above the water level.
Obstructions in the Stream and Waterfalls
In addition to checking for low edges, you should also check your stream and waterfall. Rocks and excessive plant or algae growth in the stream or biofalls can restrict the flow of water and divert it over the edge of the liner.
Plants and algae should be maintained by trimming them back in order to let the water pass freely. All in all, these leaks are extremely easy to fix.
You’ve spent 15 minutes or so following the suggestions listed above and you still can’t find the leak. What do you do next? It’s time for a little more work, and some drastic measures. You’ll have to shut your pump off for a day. By doing this, you’ll be able to determine the approximate location of the leak.
Make sure the pond is filled to the appropriate level.
Unplug the pump.
Let the pond sit for 24 hours.
If the water level drops, then you know the leak is in the pond.
When the Water Drops
To find out where the Philadelphia Pond Problem is occurring, allow the water level to continue to drop. The level where the water stops dropping is the level where the leak is located.
Concentrate your search around the perimeter of the pond at the level that the water has stopped dropping.
Now the fun begins! At this point, you may want to consider calling in a pond professional, but in order to reveal the exact location of the leak, you’ll need to:
Remove any rocks around the entire perimeter at the level where the water stopped. You can then carefully check for some sort of puncture, or hole in the liner.
When you find the hole, you simply patch it with a liner patch kit available at pond supply retailers.
Now you can replace the rocks, fill the pond back to the top, and enjoy!
Steady and Level
If the water level remains the same, then it is safe to assume that that the leak is not in the pond. Now you’ll need to check the pipe, the plumbing fittings, and the pump connections for leaks.
Another possible culprit is the faceplate of your skimmer, if you have one. If the water level stopped dropping above the bottom of the faceplate you should investigate the skimmer. It may not have sealed correctly.
If the Leak Is in the Skimmer
Investigate the skimmer faceplate without disassembling it.
Simply move a few rocks around the front of the skimmer and slide your hand behind the liner, feeling for wet soil around the opening of the skimmer. If the soil is saturated, then the faceplate may have not been installed properly and might be the source of the leak.
Remove the faceplate, clean all of the old silicone off the liner, and refer back to the instruction manual on proper procedures for sealing the skimmer faceplate to the skimmer. Hopefully, you’ve solved the leak.
It’s not fun to have a Philadelphia Pond Problem. It can be a time-consuming and frustrating process to locate the leak. Hopefully with these steps and tips, you can quickly locate the source of the leak and get right back to enjoying your water garden.
Four things to consider for your Philadelphia Fish Pond
Before you dig your Philadelphia Fish Pond, you need to do a decent amount of planning. Logistics are just as important as dreams when it comes to your beautiful water feature.
We recommend considering these four things when planning your own Philadelphia Fish Pond:
Some water features just aren’t good matches for some land. Digging a pond out of bedrock probably isn’t your best option. And a steep incline might be better suited to a waterfall than a large pond.
Consider what would make the most of the area’s natural beauty by taking an honest look around your property . Many folks start out thinking they want one thing but discover the ideal water feature for their yard is something different. Don’t be afraid to adapt your plan.
When planning your Philadelphia Fish Pond, think about the views from inside the home. Watching cascading water through a large window can be amazing, even when weather conditions are less than terrible.
Also consider where you’ll be viewing your water feature from when you are outside. You may have a neat hill towards the back of your yard, but the further away from your home, the less likely you’ll use and enjoy your water feature. We suggest finding an area where you regularly spend time that’s close to your house. Areas near a patio, a deck, or even a hammock can be ideal spots.
A healthy pond ecosystem strikes a delicate balance, and filtration is an important part of the cycle. Mechanical and biological filtration components remove suspended debris and excess algae that cause toxic gases like ammonia.
Rocks and gravel in the pond provide places for beneficial bacteria to live. A skimmer will protect the pond pump, which helps keep the water circulating. Beneficial bacteria will cultivate in areas of your filtration like in the media mats. too.
In turn, these bacteria help keep the water clear of fish waste and organic debris. Finally, aquatic plants will absorb nutrients that algae feed on and will release oxygen into the water. This keeps fish happy.
Philadelphia Fish Pond: Sun vs. shade
This can be a tricky one, especially in winter when the trees are bare. But envision your space in summer. How does the sun move across the land? Is the area heavily shaded or in full sun?
A water feature amidst a shade garden can be beautiful, but consider the amount of leaf debris coming down in autumn. Excess leaf buildup in your water feature can make it more challenging to maintain a healthy ecosystem.
A water feature in full sun may be less susceptible to leaf debris, but algae can thrive in these conditions even with adequate filtration. Remember, too, that your fish will want a break from the summer sun’s heat. Incorporate aquatic plants to cover some of the surface or install a fish cave to provide respite from the sun. A balance of sun and shade is a good thing, and you probably want to create your feature where it will get at least a little bit of both.
No matter what your Philadelphia Fish Pond plans call for, AquaReale can help. We can design, build, and maintain the water feature that’s right for you. Call us at 215.880.6811 for more information or contact us online.
During the colder winter months, you can either keep your Philadelphia pond running for the winter, or shut it down. To shut your pond down, first unplug the pump, pull it out of the pond, and store it in a frost-free location, submerged in a bucket of water to keep the seals from drying out.
Philadelphia Pond Shutdown for the Fish
If you have fish and live in a climate cold enough to cause your pond to freeze over, you need to be aware of two things. First, is oxygenating the water. To do this, place an aerator or small pump like the AquaForce® Pond Pump on the second shelf of your pond so it bubbles right at the surface of the water. This will replace the oxygenation that your waterfalls were taking care of during the pond season.
In all but extremely low temperatures, the bubbling of the pump will also keep a hole open in the ice to allow for gas exchange. This is the second thing that you need to do for your fish. A hole in the ice allows the escape of harmful gasses created by decay of organic matter that would otherwise build up under the ice.
If your geographic area experiences long periods of exceptionally cold weather, the pump won’t be enough to keep a hole open in the ice in your Philadelphia Pond, and you’ll want to consider adding a floating Aquascape 300-Watt Pond De-Icer. Controlled by a thermostat, the unit only runs when the water temperature is at or below freezing, heating only the surrounding water to just above freezing, and then shutting off again.
Be sure to position them so the two units are not near each other, otherwise the pond de-icer will run continuously in order to heat the that water that’s constantly being circulated by the pump.
Beautiful Ice Sculptures
Leaving your Philadelphia Pond up and running is an option many people prefer. Not only does the waterfall and/or stream provide the beautiful sound of running water, but also the freezing water creates outstanding ice sculptures along the stream and waterfall area. The water movement created by running the Philadelphia Pond during the winter also eliminates the need for additional oxygenation of the water.
There are many benefits to operating your Philadelphia Pond and waterfall year-round, but there are also a couple things you need to watch out for. As the water in the falls or stream freezes, the possibility of water loss due to ice damming is increased. When the ice freezes, a dam that pushes the flowing water over the edge of the liner can be created. This isn’t always a problem, but it is something that you need to be aware of and watch out for.
Whether you choose to shut down your pond or leave it running during the winter months, a bit of minor maintenance is all that’s needed to ensure that your pond will perform optimally when warmer breezes begin to blow.
For more information or for help with your Philadelphia Pond, contact us.
A nip in the air, shorter days, and the shedding of multi-colored leaves from the trees signifies a changing of the seasonal guard and mean its time for Fall Pond Care.
Fall Pond Care can vary depending on where you live, but there are some basic guidelines to help your aquatic plants and finned friends weather the chill of Mother Nature. Here is a handy check list to help ensure a healthy pond come spring time.
Our Top Fall Pond Care Tips
Decaying leaves and foliage produce toxic gases that can harm your fish so you want to remove this debris before winter rolls into town. You don’t need to remove every single last leaf but try to remove the majority.
If you put Protective Pond Netting over your pond before the leaves started to fall, your job is easy. Carefully roll up the net and discard the leaves that were caught.
Stop fertilizing your aquatic plants after the first frost.
Trim back hardy marginal aquatic plants to 2″ above the water to keep the dead foliage from drooping over into the pond.
Trim back waterlily leaves and stems to 2-3″ above the base of the plant. This keeps dead foliage from decomposing in the pond.
If you left hardy waterlilies in their pot, drop them into the deepest part of the pond to over-winter. Do not bring them indoors as they need a period of dormancy.
Bring tropical waterlilies indoors if you want to over-winter them. Keep the pot in 50-degree water or take them out of the pot and store in sand. Be advised, even trained horticulturists lose a lot of tropical waterlilies when storing them indoors, so you might simply want to treat them as annuals.
If you didn’t use a net over the surface of your pond, you’ll need to remove the build-up of leaves from the bottom of the pond. Use a long handled pond net to scoop them out. Check your skimmer basket and remove any leaves that are still caught inside.
Add Cold Water Beneficial Bacteria to the pond once the temperature drops below 50 degrees. Use twice weekly for two weeks, and then once per week until the water starts to freeze.
Once temperatures drop to 50 degrees, stop feeding your fish. They need to get ready to hibernate and you’ll want to avoid any metabolic complications. You can feed them Cold Water Fish Food until the temperature drops below 50 degrees.