A nip in the air, shorter days, and the shedding of multi-colored leaves from the trees signifies a changing of the seasonal guard and mean its time for Fall Pond Care.
Fall Pond Care can vary depending on where you live, but there are some basic guidelines to help your aquatic plants and finned friends weather the chill of Mother Nature. Here is a handy check list to help ensure a healthy pond come spring time.
Our Top Fall Pond Care Tips
Decaying leaves and foliage produce toxic gases that can harm your fish so you want to remove this debris before winter rolls into town. You don’t need to remove every single last leaf but try to remove the majority.
If you put Protective Pond Netting over your pond before the leaves started to fall, your job is easy. Carefully roll up the net and discard the leaves that were caught.
Stop fertilizing your aquatic plants after the first frost.
Trim back hardy marginal aquatic plants to 2″ above the water to keep the dead foliage from drooping over into the pond.
Trim back waterlily leaves and stems to 2-3″ above the base of the plant. This keeps dead foliage from decomposing in the pond.
If you left hardy waterlilies in their pot, drop them into the deepest part of the pond to over-winter. Do not bring them indoors as they need a period of dormancy.
Bring tropical waterlilies indoors if you want to over-winter them. Keep the pot in 50-degree water or take them out of the pot and store in sand. Be advised, even trained horticulturists lose a lot of tropical waterlilies when storing them indoors, so you might simply want to treat them as annuals.
If you didn’t use a net over the surface of your pond, you’ll need to remove the build-up of leaves from the bottom of the pond. Use a long handled pond net to scoop them out. Check your skimmer basket and remove any leaves that are still caught inside.
Add Cold Water Beneficial Bacteria to the pond once the temperature drops below 50 degrees. Use twice weekly for two weeks, and then once per week until the water starts to freeze.
Once temperatures drop to 50 degrees, stop feeding your fish. They need to get ready to hibernate and you’ll want to avoid any metabolic complications. You can feed them Cold Water Fish Food until the temperature drops below 50 degrees.
The seasonal change from summer to fall is the most beautiful time of the year, but not for Aquatic plants in the fall. The leaves turn beautiful colors and create an array of amazing colors. However, with fall comes cooler temperatures. How will the cool air affect aquatic plants this fall?
Aquatic plants in the fall: Waterlilies
Waterlilies will begin to show their dislike for the cold with yellowing leaves and fewer flowers. When this happens, the leaf and flower stems of hardy water lilies should be cut back to about 2 to 3” above the base of the plant.
In warm climates, tropical waterlilies are happy in the pond year round, as long as the water temperature stays above 60°F. In areas where freezing is likely, plants should be overwintered indoors. This can be a difficult task; therefore many gardeners choose to simply buy a new plant each season.
Aquatic plants in the fall: Hardy Marginals
Dropping temperatures signal your hardy aquatic plants to prepare for their winter dormancy. At this time, you should stop fertilizing them as you see leaves begin to yellow and brown. It’s okay to leave these plants where they are in your pond to weather the cold of winter, just be sure to trim the dying foliage of your marginal plants down to 2” above the water level.
Aquatic plants in the fall: Lotus Aquatic Plants
As with the marginals in your pond, the foliage of your lotus plants will need to be trimmed back after they have died back and turned brown. It’s important not to cut the leaves while they are still green because the freshly cut, hollow stems are susceptible to disease which can spread to the plant’s tuber, possibly killing the plant.
Lotus tubers will not withstand freezing, so any plants that are growing in the shallow areas of your pond should be moved to the bottom, away from freezing water.
Aquatic plants in the fall:Tropical Marginals
In warm climates, tropical marginals will keep growing and will require fertilizer as usual. Water gardeners who live in Zones colder than 8 or 9 will need to treat these plants as they would any garden annual by replacing them each season.
A fun alternative to this is to treat them as tropical houseplants and bring them in for the winter. Most tropical marginals will do well potted in heavy garden soil in a sealed clay pot with no drainage holes. When kept wet, the plants do well in a sunny window or sunroom.
Caring for your aquatic plants in the fall will mean less work and healthier plants come spring. Contact AquaReale for help with your Aquatic plants in the fall.
Some people don’t see the charm or uniqueness of butterfly koi and think of them as the “black sheep” of koi. We have even heard people say butterfly koi are not real koi fish! Simply not true! As many other DO know, butterfly koi can be some of the best koi in any koi collection!
How did the butterfly koi originate?
Brown and grey carp with long fins were found in Indonesia in the early 1980s. A NY company heard about them and bought some but then they thought they were too ugly to sell. But, a group of curious breeders at Blue Ridge Fish Hatchery heard about them and decided to order some too. They took their odd-looking long-finned fish and bred them with their finest traditional koi fish. They actually turned out great!
The long finned koi ended up being robust and disease free. They could also be bred in many beautiful colors. An original Blue Ridge breeder was named Wyatt LeFever. When his young son first went to see the fish, he said “Dad they look like butterflies.” The name is still used today for the fish.
Butterfly koi size
Butterfly koi become more and more impressive as they grow. Their fins keep growing until the blood vessels can’t sustain the fins to be any longer. The older the fish, the longer and more impressive the finnage. A full-grown koi can almost like a long, slinky dragon moving through the water..
The fish may not be as large as traditional koi, but they can run from 36-40 inches in the right pond with the right food. Butterfly koi are pleasant and graceful and a delight to watch swim.
Is a butterfly koi a “real” koi fish?
Yes, they are. In the past, Japanese koi enthusiasts did not appreciate the long-finned koi. Over time, Japanese breeders started seeing the beauty and value in the fish, partially from their immense popularity in the United States. Now the butterfly koi are a very popular koi fish pond choice. For more information on koi ponds in the Philadelphia area, contact us.
Need Philadelphia pond help? We are the company to call. Here’s a recent video we had made that shows explains why you should hire AquaReale for your pond needs Call us at 215.880.6811 with any questions.
Want a Healthy Philadelphia Koi Pond this summer? Ponds have a joy and beauty that make your summer even more relaxing and enjoyable.
You want to make sure your water feature is healthy and functioning at 100 percent during the warmer months. And when the temperatures rise above 80 degrees, there are some things you can do to help. Here are our recommendations:
Health of Your Philadelphia Koi Pond Fish
Keep an eye on your fish. Do your fish seem stressed out, gasping for air close to the water’s surface or especially close to a fountain or waterfall?
Increased activity and warm pond water go hand and hand, and that increased activity also means your fish require more oxygen when less oxygen is available, thus creating a vicious cycle. Stressed fish often begin to develop diseases, and soon enough you’ll have a domino effect.
We recommend adding oxygen to your pond by placing an aerator or AquaForce® pump in your pond. You can also install a fountain with a pump if your pond doesn’t have a waterfall or stream. Make sure all areas of the pond are skimmed and the water circulated. And keep in mind that waterfalls, streams, and even fountains play a huge part in the oxygenation of the water in your pond.
Philadelphia Koi Pond: Beat the Heat
There are certainly some preemptive measures you can take in order to keep your pond from becoming a warm, unhealthy mess. It all starts with a well-designed water feature. Depth, plant coverage, shade, and circulation should all be considered when designing and building a pond. A minimum depth of two feet is suggested; the bottom of the pond will remain cooler.
Of course, you’ll also want to stock your pond with a lot of plants to provide shade for the fish. A good rule of thumb is to provide plant coverage of approximately 1/3 to 1/2 of the pond’s surface area.
And finally, one of the most important parts of pond design is circulation. If possible, you’ll want to place your biological filter and mechanical filter across the pond from each other, so that your pond receives optimal circulation.
Additional Philadelphia Koi Pond Summer Tips
If you feed your fish, feed them in the morning and be careful not to overfeed. Uneaten food decays faster in warmer water and can pollute the pond.
Be sure to remove dying leaves and flowers before they have a chance to decay in the warmer water.
Each season has its own challenges and summer is no exception. The bottom line is that you need to keep an eye on your pond and let your fish and plants do the talking.
If you have a balanced ecosystem, you’ll find it much easier to maintain the health of your pond, fish, and plants. Contact us for more information or with any questions.
Welcome to our new Philadelphia Pond Product Showcase, where we show you something we think is pretty awesome. This month we are showing off the new faux oak stump cover.
The Aquascape Faux Oak Stump Cover is the ideal solution to covering unsightly landscape components, including everything from power outlet posts and IonGen™ panels to transformers and fish food /pond supplies.
Philadelphia Pond Product Showcase: REALISTIC OAK APPEARANCE
Many landscape covers, such as fake rocks, can look un-natural, cheap, and out of place. The Faux Oak Stump Cover provides an extremely realistic oak appearance and texture that looks great in any setting.
BUILT TO LAST
The cover features durable, heavy-duty poly-resin construction, designed to stand up to the elements and provide year after year of enjoyment.
DECORATIVE GARDEN ACCENT
The Faux Oak Stump Cover can even be used as a seat or decorative garden accent. We recommend these as a way of making your pond area as natural as possible.
A top NBA player and Olympic Gold Medalist had a vision of a Philadelphia Pool Waterfall Slide. He wanted a pool oasis for his kids, one that included his dream slide into the pool. He had never seen exactly what he wanted, but he was able to describe it. He had this dream for more than three years. He is only at this house during the off season, so time was very important. We had a tight timeline to make this dream come to life. His kids wanted a cool water slide, and he wanted to make that happen. A cool water slide coming out of a waterfall, to be exact…
Philadelphia Pool Waterfall Slide: The Challenge
We met the client through his pool contractor, someone we had worked with before. Our client is a very busy athlete, so we never did get to meet him. We had a long distance relationship, with him emailing through his team of assistants. We were able to understand his vision, and emailed him a rough sketch of what we could do. He immediately agreed!
We only had one chance to make this right and we were up to the challenge. Schedules had to be changed and pond builds put off so we could complete this project to be ready when his basketball season ended and his kids finished school.
Philadelphia Pool Waterfall Slide — The Solution
AquaReale built a large natural stone waterfall that holds a curved slide for maximum fun. The slide is 10 feet and has water jets going down. The waterfall is at its highest peak is 4 feet tall and took 40 tons of boulder and rock to create the large waterfall. We also built a set of stone steps, going from the lawn area up to the slide. These are natural flagstone slabs to match the waterfall.